United Arab Emirates became the first Arab state to successfully organize a Mars exploration mission.
Probe «Hope» was launched today from the Japanese Tanegashima cosmodrome on a Mitsubishi H-2A rocket. After about an hour of flight, he successfully separated from the carrier and independently headed through space to the red planet., which it should reach in February 2021.
After seven months of flight, the probe will not land on the surface of Mars, but will enter its equatorial orbit, from where it will observe changes in weather conditions for 687 days (an astronomical year). For this, it is equipped with ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers, as well as a camera that is sensitive to optical and ultraviolet radiation..
UAE probe close to orbit of Mars
Collected data on conditions in the lower atmosphere should assist in the organization of future missions with human participation.
Until the end of July, following «Hope» two more probes will be sent to the red planet. China’s Tianwen-1 is slated to launch on 23 July, with a US and European-led mission «Mars 2020» with the Perseverence rover should start on July 30.
The UAE government was very interested in the prospect of colonizing a neighboring planet and even decided to build a technopolis in the middle of the desert to conduct research in this direction. with an area of 176 thousand m2, which will be located under huge glass domes.
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: Reuters