Scientists have developed a mechanical system consisting of a tiny echo chamber for sound waves and a quantum electrical circuit that provides interconnection and control. The technology can be used to create new types of sensors, communication and information storage.
All previous studies related to subatomic particles were faced with the fact that quantum systems do not fit well with the mechanical ones that underlie most modern technologies. Scientists from the Institute of Molecular Engineering at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have managed to achieve sustainable interaction between them and ensure the ability to manage.
The integration of these two systems allows incredibly accurate quantum sensors to be created that can detect the smallest vibrations of individual atoms. Researchers originally worked to connect quantum electrical circuits to a device that generates acoustic waves that travel across the surface of a solid material, similar to ripples in water. The key breakthrough was the independent creation of two systems from different materials and their subsequent successful combination..
For both elements to operate, the temperature must be kept close to absolute zero. However, despite this, scientists are excited about the opening prospects. The development creates the basis for conducting experiments with acoustics in the quantum world. Besides the fact that there are a number of fundamental questions about the behavior of sound at the subatomic level, the technology allows the development of new ways of storing quantum information or communication systems that allow communication at any distance..
The circuits also allow converting data into optical signals. According to the developers, quantum sensors can be used in various devices: from devices for detecting gravitational waves near black holes, to radios and mobile phones..
Earlier we also wrote about the development of a new storage method quantum information encoded in pulses of light.
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: Kevin J. Satzinger / University of Chicago