Physicist from MSTU im. N.E.Baumana Yegor Loktionov believes that the removal of space debris using a laser is the best option available today.
Russian scientist proposed using a space laser to destroy useless satellites
Until now, about 6 thousand artificial satellites have been launched into Earth’s orbit, most of which are no longer functioning. However, they continue to move at tremendous speeds, and over time scatter into smaller, but no less dangerous debris for new vehicles. Scientists have described a lot of options to combat this problem, but only a few of them have been tested, and none are still applied..
Egor Loktionov proposed using the principle of laser ablation, but on a larger scale, to convert space debris into plasma. The idea is to send focused pulsed radiation at interfering objects, which will turn objects into dust..
The scientist recommends that agencies and private companies use a space laser, since the atmosphere will weaken and distort the pulses. He also proposes to collect the resulting plasma and process it into fuel for other ships.. Scientists from other countries support the vision Loktionova, considering this option the most effective, safe and environmentally friendly.
The European Space Agency has started to take active measures to combat space debris and allocated €100.2 million to remove it from near-earth orbit.
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: GettyImages